As well as a lack of understanding in society, people often have to deal with physical burden, emotional struggle and financial constraints.
For Magdalena Osumi's latest contributions to The Japan Times, see below:
The drop is the first since the 2011 earthquake and tsunami devastated the Tohoku region.
Yoko Kamikawa vowed to improve policies that impact foreign nationals in Japan as well as the transparency of the justice system.
Visa applicants will be required to meet strict conditions to receive permission to enter the country.
Under the existing travel controls, travelers from 159 countries and regions have been denied entry in principle.
The country will start allowing entry for long-term residents and international students, regardless of where they come from, reports say.
The 64-year-old spent more than 30 years with the Japanese automaker, becoming the first American to sit on its board.
Viewed mainly as "decoration," female politicians struggle to win support of the Liberal Democratic Party's powerful factions.
Twelve Japanese manufacturing giants have been accused of complicity in the group's repression by sourcing supplies from factories exploiting their forced labor.
The Justice Ministry announced this week that non-Japanese residents who couldn't return before papers expired would be able to seek re-entry under special circumstances.