WELLINGTON – One of rugby’s perennial controversies has reared its head at this year’s World Cup in Japan — does performing the haka give the All Blacks an unfair advantage over their opponents?
The question crops up at most tournaments and — along with other recurring talking points such as refereeing standards or the aerodynamics of the match ball — is largely a matter of opinion.
Latest to light the touchpaper is Irish columnist Ewan MacKenna, who said the thigh-slapping, eye-rolling Maori challenge had been “ruthlessly exploited and commercialized and ultimately cheapened.”
“It’s completely overdone,” he wrote on Pundit Arena, arguing opponents could best negate the haka’s intimidation factor by simply ignoring it.
“It provides a psychological edge through self-inspiration and via an attempt at opponent intimidation,” MacKenna wrote.
“It also provides a small physical edge as others are forced to stand still and go briefly cold.”
New Zealand media picked up on Mac-Kenna’s views, airing them prominently and drawing an angry response from many Kiwis.
“It’s who we are mate, it’s part of our DNA, when are people going to realize that,” Pita Pene wrote in one of the rare expletive-free comments on the New Zealand Herald’s Facebook page.
“Suck it up buttercup the AB’s haka will still be here after you have gone,” added Tremain Tauhini.
A touring New Zealand Native team performed international rugby’s first haka in Britain in 1888. The All Blacks adopted the best-known version, “Ka Mate,” in 1905.
They introduced another haka in 2005 called “Kapa O Pango” and alternate between the two depending on the opponent and circumstances of the match.
Perhaps surprisingly, the All Blacks have not always performed the haka with the fire-breathing intensity currently on display.
Archive footage shows teams in the 1920s shuffling along in what appears to be a folk dance, while in the 1970s sideburned players bob up and down sheepishly while grinning at one another.
Forwards Buck Shelford and Hika Reid, both fiercely proud of their Maori heritage, are credited with reinventing the haka during a 1985 tour to Argentina.
Shelford said that Reid was initially reluctant to perform the haka on tour because “the Pakeha (whites), they don’t know what they’re bloody doing.”
“He’d been an All Black since 1980 and had to suffer through some shocking performances of haka,” he later recalled to Fairfax New Zealand.
“Some of them were so embarrassing.”
Shelford said the team took a vote and decided to keep the haka but he told them “if we’re going to do it, we’re going to do it right.”
“In the end they got pretty good at it. They took on board everything Hik and I said. I was proud of them for that.”