SHANGHAI – China’s decision to allow all couples to have two children instead of one has resulted in birthrates rising to the highest level since 2000, a government official said.
New births in the world’s most populous nation reached 17.86 million in 2016, up around 1.4 million compared to the 2011-2015 average, said Yang Wenzhuang of the National Health and Family Planning Commission.
“While the total number of women of childbearing age fell by 5 million, the number of births increased significantly, showing that the family planning policy adjustments were extremely timely and extremely effective,” he told reporters Sunday.
Worried about the costs of supporting an increasingly aging population, China issued new guidelines in late 2015 allowing all parents to have two children.
China began implementing its controversial “one-child policy” in the 1970s in order to limit population growth, but authorities are now concerned that the country’s dwindling workforce will not be able to support an increasingly aging population.
Yang said the number of women of childbearing age was expected to decline by about 5 million a year over the 2016-2020 period, but China was hoping to keep birthrates at around 17-20 million a year.
China has already made provisions to increase medical staff and the number of hospital beds in order to handle the rising number of births. It expects its total population to rise to around 1.42 billion by the end of the decade, up from 1.37 billion at the end of 2015.