Regarding Robert Spalding Oct. 9 article, “Nuclear arms also serve as instruments of peace“: Spalding’s argument that the possession of nuclear weapons actually helps to maintain peace among states may convince some people, but what he seems to miss is that such deterrence works only in an interstate security paradigm or in a conventional security model.

What we have seen in recent history is the emergence of powerful nonstate actors whose reach and agenda is not confined to their regions but extend through trans-global networks. States face threats to their security by these entities, and having nuclear weapons does not eliminate threats posed by such a network.

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