The administration of U.S. President Joe Biden is poised to open up a new front in its efforts to safeguard U.S. artificial intelligence from China and Russia.

Preliminary plans include placing guardrails around the most advanced AI Models, the core software of AI systems like ChatGPT, sources said.

The Commerce Department is considering a new regulatory push to restrict the export of proprietary or closed-source AI models, whose software and the data on which it is trained are kept under wraps, three people familiar with the matter said.