Last year, Prime Minister Fumio Kishida not only laid the foundation for Japan’s defense and security policies for years to come, he also highlighted Tokyo’s willingness to shed some of the postwar constraints on its military.

But while the Kishida has outlined an ambitious vision, actually seeing this through will be a daunting challenge.

One year on, questions remain as to whether the embattled leader, whose support rate recently dipped to new lows, can follow through on his pledges.