ANKARA – Turkish forces, together with the rebel Free Syrian Army, will cross the Syrian border “shortly,” President Tayyip Erdogan’s communications director said early on Wednesday after a surprise withdrawal of U.S. troops made way for the Turkish incursion.
Turkey has been poised to advance into northeast Syria since the U.S. troops began vacating the area in an abrupt policy shift by U.S. President Donald Trump that was widely criticized in Washington as a betrayal of America’s Kurdish allies.
On Tuesday, Turkish officials said the military had struck the Syrian-Iraqi border to prevent Kurdish forces from using the route to reinforce the region, though details of the strikes were hazy.
Erdogan aide Fahrettin Altun said fighters from the Kurdish YPG militia in Syria could defect, or else Ankara would have to “stop them from disrupting” Turkey’s struggle against the Islamic State militants.
“The Turkish military, together with the Free Syrian Army, will cross the Turkish-Syrian border shortly,” Altun said in a tweet extracted from a column he wrote for The Washington Post.
“Turkey has no ambition in northeastern Syria except to neutralize a long-standing threat against Turkish citizens and to liberate the local population from the yoke of armed thugs,” the column said.
Turkey has said it intends to create a “safe zone” in order to return millions of refugees to Syrian soil, but the plan has alarmed some Western allies as much as the risks posed by the military operation itself.
For Turkey, which views Kurdish YPG fighters in northeast Syria as terrorists because of their ties to militants waging an insurgency inside Turkey, an influx of non-Kurdish Syrians would help it secure a buffer against its main security threat.
The U.S. withdrawal from the area will leave Kurdish-led forces long allied to Washington vulnerable to attack by Turkish forces.
Erdogan will visit the United States on Sunday at Trump’s invitation, a White House spokesman said. After a phone call with Trump on Monday, Erdogan said U.S. troops had started to withdraw, adding that talks between Turkish and U.S. officials on the matter would continue.
U.S. Defense Department spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said in a statement Tuesday: “Unfortunately, Turkey has chosen to act unilaterally. As a result we have moved the U.S. forces in northern Syria out of the path of potential Turkish incursion to ensure their safety.”
Trump’s decision to withdraw troops from northeast Syria has rattled allies, including France, one of Washington’s main partners in the U.S.-led coalition fighting the Islamic State group.
Russia, Syrian President Bashar Assad’s strongest foreign ally, said it was not told in advance by Washington or Turkey about any agreements to pull U.S. troops. Amid deepening humanitarian concerns, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres urged all parties in northeast Syria to exercise maximum restraint and protect civilians.
Kurdish-led forces have denounced the U.S. policy shift as a “stab in the back.”
Signaling a further potential shift in the region’s power balance, the Kurdish-led forces said they might start talks with the Syrian government and Russia to fill a security vacuum in the event of a full U.S. withdrawal.
Trump denied he had abandoned the Kurdish forces, the most effective U.S. partners in fighting the Islamic State in Syria. But he praised Turkey as a trade partner, in a softening of tone hours after threatening to “totally destroy” Turkey’s economy if it acted “off limits” in Syria.
Near the Turkish border town of Akcakale, across from Syria’s Tel Abyad, a witness saw howitzers placed behind earth embankments on Turkey’s side of the border, pointed toward Syria.
Some 60 km (40 miles) to the west, multiple launch rocket systems mounted on two trucks were deployed behind earth embankments near Suruc, opposite the Syrian border town of Kobani. Artillery was also stationed in the area, and soldiers wandered around a nearby military camp.
Mustafa Bali of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces said the Turkish military buildup, together with information about further mobilization of Turkey-backed Syrian rebels, indicated that “an attack is imminent.”