Toyo University was founded by philosopher Enryo Inoue in 1887 as Shiritsu Tetsugakukan (private academy of philosophy) to provide education in diverse fields based on philosophy.

It has grown into a well-established academic institution with five campuses in and around Tokyo, accommodating 46 departments in 13 faculties and 37 courses in 15 graduate schools.

The university has more than 31,000 Japanese and international students from approximately 40 countries. While it encourages its students to study abroad, offering a series of generous scholarships that amounted to ¥148 million last year, it also accepts foreign students in three undergraduate courses and eight postgraduate courses that are conducted only or partially in English, as well as in all other courses using Japanese as the main language.