National / History | JAPAN TIMES GONE BY

Japan goods popular in India; Nazis roll into Paris; mine death toll passes 160; Japan passes U.S. as top donor

by Edan Corkill

Special To The Japan Times

100 YEARS AGO
Tuesday, June 15, 1915

Japanese goods find a new market in India

A new market for Japanese goods is now found in India, as can be seen from the story of Mr. Shoda, an expert in the department of Agriculture and Commerce, who has just returned from a visit there. Mr. Shoda went to India last December with representatives of the Matsuda Company of Yokohama and other companies.

Speaking of his trip, Mr Shoda said: “We went round the country with the object of extending the market for our goods. The representatives of the firms took samples of their goods, ready to receive orders. We have obtained exceedingly good results. Our idea was that we should be satisfied if we got orders to the amount of ¥3,000; but we have received orders for over ¥1 million. The principal goods for which order have been received are cotton goods, toys, tea cases, cement, and some other goods. It is interesting when we consider that these goods have never been exported to that country before.

“Before the war Germany had been exporting goods, to the tune of ¥80 million per year to India, while our exports to that country had not gone beyond ¥30 million. But since the outbreak of war the exports from Germany have been stopped and the exports from English firms have also decreased by 40 percent. India is now, therefore, importing principally from the States and Japan. Hitherto our country has been exporting only such goods as matches, silk goods, knitted goods, and glassware. But the demand for other goods, as shown by the orders received lately, are now being received. This is a golden opportunity for the extension of our market in India.”


75 YEARS AGO
Sunday, June 16, 1940

Hitler’s war machine rolls into French capital

Swinging triumphantly down the broad and fashionable Champs Elysees, the grim vanguards of Chancellor Adolf Hitler’s mighty war machine rolled thunderously into Paris from the northwest early this morning, climaxing a 35-day lightning offensive, which began with the invasion of Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg.

Authoritative information reaching Berlin from the abandoned French capital reported that swift, dust-stained Nazi tanks, ominously dominating the streets, led the German advance into Paris. German units symbolically circled the Arc de Triomphe, from which the city’s 12 main boulevards and avenues radiate, and went down the broad Champs Elysees.

The advance into Paris began at dawn. Only a few Parisians watched the Nazi forces enter the capital, standing with bared hands, tearfully silent and tense. It was for many the second time within their memory that German had marched into the city in triumph as apparent victors.

As the sun rose higher more units joined the parade. Motorized infantry battalions and steel shielded trucks raced across the old Seine river and southwards towards Etoile. Immediately after French troops withdrew from Paris leaving the city to its own fate, the police, fire department, and other departmental services of the capital were placed in the disposal of the conquerors, offering to maintain order and discipline during the march of the Germans.

The radio stations of Paris, it was reported here, quickly were occupied and were playing Nazi music. It is said that only a third of Paris’ normal population of 3 million remains.


50 YEARS AGO
Wednesday, June 2, 1965

Mine blast death toll in Fukuoka tops 160

One hundred and sixty miners were confirmed dead, with another 76 unaccounted for and given up for lost, in one of Japan’s biggest mine disasters ever when a gas explosion ripped through the No. 1 pit of the Yamano Colliery at Inatsuki in Fukuoka Prefecture early Tuesday morning.

Thirty miners were injured, many of them seriously.

The mine management initially announced the total of miners and officials underground as 552, but later indicated the figure might be lower.

Of this number, 314 managed to crawl out to the surface.

A Fukuoka Prefectural police spokesman said early this morning that hope had been abandoned for the fate of the 70 still unaccounted for.

A rescue worker who emerged after a few hours underground said that inside the of the pit near the scene of the blast was filled with dense gas, preventing rescuers from going further.

An official of the mining company said a group of eight men were digging inside the pit with dynamite at the time of the explosion and speculated that this might have touched off the gas explosion.


25 YEARS AGO
Saturday, June 23, 1990

Japan passes U.S as top donor of overseas aid

Japan surpassed the United States to become the world’s top donor of official development assistance in 1989, the Foreign Ministry said Friday.

In terms of disbursement, Japan’s ODA last year totaled $8.95 billion, down 1.9 percent from the preceding year, a report says.

In yen terms, however, Japanese overseas aid posted a 5.6 percent increase over last year, totaling ¥1.23 trillion.

The U.S dropped to second place with $7.66 billion, followed by France, whose disbursement totaled $7.47 billion, according to the Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

The OECD ascribed the fall in U.S aid to a high number of 1988 contributions and a delay in disbursements to the International Development Association, affiliated with the World Bank, officials said.

Norway, Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands continue to stand out as countries with the highest ODA/GNP ratios, with Norway and Denmark in front at 1.02 and 1.00 percent, respectively.

In this feature, which appears on the first Sunday of each month, we delve into The Japan Times’ 117-year archive to present a selection of stories from the past. This month’s edition was compiled with the assistance of Hashela Kumarawansa. The Japan Times’ entire archive is now available to purchase in digital format. For more details, see jtimes.jp/de.

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