OSAKA — While much of the world has been thinking of 2005 as the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II, this year for Japan’s Korean community has more relevance as the 100th anniversary of a treaty that made Korea a protectorate of Japan and paved the way for eventual annexation and colonization.

At a symposium in Osaka on Friday, Japanese and Korean scholars said the treaty was illegal, and therefore Japan had no right to represent Korea when it signed any further treaties, including the Potsdam Treaty in 1945, which ended the war in the Pacific and divided the Korean Peninsula into North and South.

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