Armenia and Turkey took important steps toward overcoming a long bitter history this month. The two governments’ agreement to establish diplomatic ties will help reduce the enmity that has dominated their relationship for nearly a century. It could also help transform relations in southeastern Europe as well as improve Turkey’s relations with the European Union.

That is, of course, only the potential. The ill will that prevails in relations between Armenia and Turkey will take generations to erase, and could be rekindled without much effort.

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