Japan’s unemployment rate improved to 2.9% in November, dropping for the first time in five months in a sign that the impact of the novel coronavirus pandemic on the labor market is easing, government data showed Friday.

Separate data from the labor ministry showed the job availability ratio in the reporting month improved to 1.06 from 1.04 in the previous month, up for the second straight month. The ratio means there were 106 job openings in November for every 100 job seekers.

The jobless rate fell from 3.1% in October, down for the first time since it dipped 0.1 point from the previous month to 2.8% in June, when economic activity resumed following the complete lifting of a state of emergency over the virus in late May.

The unemployment rate returned to a level below 3% for the first time since July, when the figure was 2.9%, according to the Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry.

But the rate is still higher than the 2.4% recorded in February, when the nation had yet to see any major impact from the pandemic. A resurgence of new virus cases since November has also clouded the outlook for the world’s third-largest economy.

“The number of infections began to increase around mid-November, so we’re not sure if the figure will keep recovering,” a government official told reporters. “At least at this moment, we cannot say that the jobless rate has hit rock bottom.”

The seasonally adjusted number of unemployed decreased 160,000 from October to 1.98 million after topping 2 million for three months in a row from August. Of the total, 690,000 people voluntarily left their jobs, down 140,000 from a month earlier, while 610,000 were laid off, down 80,000, and 480,000 were new job seekers, up 50,000.

The number of people in work rose 430,000 from the previous month to 67.01 million, up for the second consecutive month, following an increase of 30,000 in October.

The jobless rate for men fell 0.2 point from the previous month to 3.2%, while that for women was down 0.3 point to 2.4%.

“In November, the service industry was relatively brisk partly due to the Go To Travel campaign, which improved the jobless rate in the sector,” said Naoko Ogata, a senior economist at the apan Research Institute, referring to the government’s subsidy program aimed at helping the virus-hit domestic tourism industry.

But Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga announced earlier this month that the campaign would be temporarily suspended nationwide during the year-end and New Year’s holidays — the busiest time for Japanese service providers — amid a resurgence of COVID-19 infections. Ogata cited that as a possible negative factor for December.

“From now on, the employment data will repeatedly move between improvement and deterioration depending on future developments in the spread of the virus,” Ogata said.

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