Washington – Four astronauts were successfully launched on the SpaceX Crew Dragon Resilience en route to the International Space Station on Sunday, the first of what the U.S. hopes will be many routine missions following a successful test flight in late spring.
Three Americans — Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker — and Japan's Soichi Noguchi blasted off at 7:27 pm from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, thus ending almost a decade of international reliance on Russia for rides on its Soyuz rockets.
Noguchi is a veteran with experience from two previous space missions, having been aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery in 2005 and a Russian Soyuz spacecraft for a 161-day stay on the ISS between 2009 and 2010.
Applause resounded at a community hall in Taishi, Hyogo Prefecture, where some 100 people including sixth-graders from Noguchi's elementary school and their parents watched the spacecraft's launch at a public viewing.
"I have a big dream to be an actress, and I want to be a brilliant adult like Mr. Noguchi. I hope he comes home safely," said 12-year-old Aoi Kojima.
Hirofumi Terada, Noguchi's 72-year-old former teacher, said he was happy for his former student, while worrying about the 55-year-old astronaut's physical fitness. But he said he was relieved to see the spacecraft blast off without a hitch.
At another public viewing at an elementary school gym in Chigasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, around 150 sixth-graders and others shouted, "Have a good trip" as the rocket took offf.
"I was happy that the launch was successful. I want to do my best like Mr. Noguchi as I prepare for my junior school entrance exams," said Shimon Tashiro, 12, who said he wants to develop food for space travel in the future.
Noguchi's wife, Miwa, said the launch was "extremely impressive" and that she looks forward to "a successful mission as (the astronauts) strive in their work, to be sure to bring to the next generation (new) technology, spirit and hope."
U.S. President-elect Joe Biden hailed the launch on Twitter as a "testament to the power of science and what we can accomplish by harnessing our innovation, ingenuity, and determination," while President Donald Trump called it "great."
Vice President Mike Pence, who attended the launch with his wife, Karen, called it a "new era in human space exploration in America."
The Pences joined NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine and his wife, Michelle, to watch the launch, clapping as the rocket lifted off.
The capsule successfully separated from the second stage of the rocket and, according to a SpaceX team member speaking over radio, had achieved "nominal orbit insertion."
That means the capsule is currently on the right trajectory to reach the ISS.
The crew will dock at their destination at around 11 p.m. Monday night (1 p.m. Tuesday Japan time), joining two Russians and one American onboard the station, and stay for six months.
In May, SpaceX completed a demonstration mission showing it could take astronauts to the ISS and bring them back safely, a landmark development allowing the U.S. to begin traveling to the space station under its own power once more.
The Crew Dragon earlier this week became the first spacecraft to be certified by NASA since the Space Shuttle nearly 40 years ago.
It is a capsule similar in shape to the spacecraft that preceded Space Shuttle, and its launch vehicle is a reusable SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.
At the end of its missions, the Crew Dragon deploys parachutes and then splashes down in water, just as in the Apollo era.
NASA turned to SpaceX and Boeing after shuttering the checkered Space Shuttle program in 2011, which failed in its main objectives of making space travel affordable and safe.
The agency will have spent more than $8 billion on the Commercial Crew program by 2024, with the hope that the private sector can take care of NASA's needs in "low Earth orbit" so it is freed up to focus on return missions to the moon and then on to Mars.
SpaceX, founded by Elon Musk in 2002, has leapfrogged its much older rival Boeing, whose program has floundered after a failed test of its uncrewed Starliner last year.
But SpaceX's success won't mean the U.S. will stop hitching rides with Russia altogether, said Bridenstine.
"We want to have an exchange of seats where American astronauts can fly on Russian Soyuz rockets and Russian cosmonauts can fly on commercial crew vehicles," he said, explaining it was necessary in case either program was down for a period of time.
The reality, however, is that space ties between the U.S. and Russia — one of the few bright spots in their bilateral relations — have frayed in recent years, and much remains uncertain.
Russia has said it won't be a partner in the Artemis program to return to the moon in 2024, claiming the NASA-led mission is too U.S.-centric.
Dmitry Rogozin, the head of Russia's space agency has also repeatedly mocked SpaceX's technology, and this summer announced Roscosmos would build rockets that surpass Musk's.
He told a state news agency he was unimpressed with the Crew Dragon's water landing, calling it "rather rough" and saying his agency was developing a methane rocket that will be reusable 100 times.
But the fact that a national space agency feels moved to compare itself to a company is arguably a validation of NASA's public-private strategy.
SpaceX's emergence has also deprived Roscosmos of a valuable income stream.
The cost of round-trips on Russian rockets had been rising and stood at around $85 million per astronaut, according to estimates last year.
Japanese astronaut Akihiko Hoshide, 51, is expected to fly aboard the next Crew Dragon mission to the ISS around late March. He is expected to become the second Japanese to serve as a commander of the ISS, according to the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.
In a time of both misinformation and too much information, quality journalism is more crucial than ever.
By subscribing, you can help us get the story right.