Japan's high reliance on fossil fuels in electricity generation is blunting the impact of the rollout of electric vehicles in cutting the country's carbon emissions, experts say.

Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, who took office in September, recently pledged to make the country carbon neutral by 2050, but over 75% of its electricity is still generated by coal, liquefied natural gas and oil.

"To cut emissions, Japan has to increase the ratio of electricity generated by renewable energies to at least 30%, or to the average level of European Union countries," said Atsushi Inaba, president of the Japan Life Cycle Assessment Facilitation Center.