SYDNEY – One of the world’s deadliest fungi has been discovered in Australia’s far north for the first time, thousands of kilometers from its native habitat in the mountains of Japan and the Korean Peninsula.
The poison fire coral fungus was discovered in a suburb of Cairns by a local photographer and subsequently identified by scientists, James Cook University has announced.
Several people have died in Japan and South Korea after mistaking the bright red fungi for edible mushrooms that are used in traditional medicine, and brewing it into a tea.
James Cook University mycologist Matt Barrett, who confirmed the identity of the toxic mushroom found in Australia, said the discovery extends its known distribution “considerably.” The fungus most likely grows naturally in Cairns, Barrett said. Instances have also been reported from Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.
Poison fire coral is the only known mushroom with toxins that can be absorbed through the skin. If eaten, it causes a horrifying array of symptoms: stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, fever and numbness, which are followed over hours or days by the skin peeling off the hands and feet, and the shrinking of the brain, Barrett said.
If left untreated, it can cause multiple organ failure or brain damage leading to death.
“The fact that we can find such a distinctive and medically important fungus like poison fire coral right in our backyard shows we have much to learn about fungi in northern Australia,” Barrett said.
Ray Palmer, a self-described “fungi fanatic” who found the specimen, said he had spent the past decade photographing various fungi in the rainforest surrounding his home city of Cairns.
“It didn’t surprise me because I have been finding quite a few things over the years,” he said.
“No one traipses around the rainforest up here photographing fungi. There are quite a few (more) things to be found — and they probably will be in the coming years.”