SRINAGAR, INDIA/ISLAMABAD – Thousands of Indian tourists, pilgrims and workers began leaving the disputed region of Kashmir after receiving a local government alert about possible militant attacks, and India said it killed at least five militants who were trying to attack its forces.
Indian security officials said on Friday they had found evidence of attacks planned by what they said were Pakistani military-backed militants on a major Hindu pilgrimage in Muslim-majority Kashmir.
A local government order effectively called off the pilgrimage, asking the pilgrims and tourists to return home.
Srinagar-based Indian defense spokesman Col. Rajesh Kalia said on Saturday that there had been a number of attempts by Pakistan-based militants to disturb peace in the Kashmir region and target the pilgrims.
Around five to seven militants were killed when they tried to attack Indian troops near an area known as the Keran sector, Kalia said, adding that arms and ammunition were recovered in the operation.
“Security forces will continue to respond to all nefarious activities,” Kalia said.
A senior local government official in Kashmir said the local government advisory had caused panic and led to the departure of “thousands” of tourists, pilgrims and laborers.
The official did not give a specific number, but he said most of the 20,000 Hindu pilgrims and Indian tourists and the more than 200,000 laborers were leaving the region.
Kashmir, claimed by both India and mostly Muslim Pakistan, has long been a flash point between the two countries. Tensions flared after a vehicle laden with explosives rammed into an Indian police convoy on Feb. 14, killing 40 paramilitary policemen, and leading to aerial clashes between the two countries.
The Indian advisory was issued after the local government in Kashmir said a mine with Pakistani ordinance markings was among caches of ammunition retrieved following intelligence reports of likely attacks on routes used by devout Hindus who trek to the region’s holy Amarnath cave every year.
“The advisory has led to panic among people and the visitors here. Kashmir has seen worst times but we as government officials don’t know what is happening?” said a second local government official in Kashmir.
In a mood of anxiety, people sought to stock up on essentials and there were long lines outside gas pumps, ATMs and medical shops in Srinagar city, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir state.
More than 6,000 passengers left Srinagar by air on Saturday, the Airports Authority of India said in a statement.
Still, around 60 international tourists arrived in Kashmir on Saturday, one of the local government officials said.
The Indian advisory had cautioned tourists in general, but did not give any specific advice to foreign nationals.
Britain and Germany issued advisories on Saturday to their citizens discouraging them from traveling to Jammu and Kashmir.
India accuses Pakistan of funding armed militants, as well as separatist groups in India’s portion of the region that are considered nonviolent by international observers.
Islamabad denies the Indian accusation, saying it provides only diplomatic and moral support to the separatist movement.
On Saturday, Pakistan also accused India of using outlawed cluster bombs in the Kashmir region during shelling along the contested border. India denied those accusations.
The Indian advisory was a disappointment for pilgrims and tourists.
Kashmir touts itself as a “Paradise on Earth.” Dal Lake — a favorite destination centuries ago for Mogul emperors escaping the summer heat of India’s plains — and its famous houseboats, mountains and glaciers are major attractions.