With billions of people either starving or obese, poor diets have become a leading cause of disease and death, prompting calls for a new approach in 2019 to how food is produced to stem rising rates of malnutrition.

Eating unhealthy food, or not having enough food, has led to rising rates of malnutrition, with 1 in 8 adults globally now obese, while 1 in 9 go hungry and almost 2 billion lack essential vitamins and minerals.

Per Pinstrup-Andersen, professor emeritus at New York's Cornell University, said these figures are a wake-up call to change the focus on food production, which for decades had aimed to boost crop yields and calories to save people from starving.