Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his Vietnamese counterpart, Nguyen Xuan Phuc, agreed Monday to work together to maintain peace and security in the South China Sea, where Hanoi is engaged in a territorial dispute with Beijing.
During their meeting at the Prime Minister’s Office in Tokyo, the two leaders also confirmed their readiness to promote free and fair trade through regional trade agreements, including the 11-member Trans-Pacific Partnership, despite a trend of rising protectionism.
“Going hand-in-hand with Prime Minister Phuc, I am determined to realize the free and open Indo-Pacific region,” which covers the South China Sea, Abe said in a press conference.
Phuc is visiting Tokyo to attend the Mekong-Japan Summit, which also brought together the leaders of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand on Tuesday.
Vietnam, along with some other Southeast Asian nations, and China have overlapping territorial claims in the South China Sea. Amid these tensions, Beijing has built artificial islands with military infrastructure in the waters.
Japan does not face the South China Sea but views the vital shipping lane as strategically important.
Phuc refrained from naming China, but said in the news conference he and Abe confirmed the necessity of ensuring peace, maritime security and freedom of navigation in and flying above the South China Sea.
“I welcome and support Japan’s efforts and initiative to secure economic prosperity, freedom of trade and safety of navigation in the Indo-Pacific region,” Phuc said.
With this year marking the 45th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two nations, Abe pledged to promote people-to-people exchanges as Japan is preparing to boost foreign workers through the introduction of a new residence status from April next year.
Japan also promised up to ¥1.2 billion in grant aid to procure equipment to check food safety in Vietnam in an attempt to help expand the country’s food exports.
Abe expressed Japan’s condolences for the deaths of Vietnamese President Tran Dai Quang in September and former Vietnamese Communist Party General Secretary Do Muoi earlier this month.