The Abe administration is looking to fast-track industry-friendly regulation to give Japan’s drone sector an edge over the United States.
Companies from motorcycle maker Yamaha Motor Co. to security firm Secom Co. are readying drone technology and services as advisers to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe drive a regulatory overhaul.
The Robot Revolution Realization Committee, an advisory panel appointed by Abe, will review existing radio and civil aeronautics laws and set up industry-run best practices for drones.
Another panel is asking companies for ideas on how to open up new special economic zones in Tokyo and other big cities to drones on a test basis.
Fukushima, blighted by the 2011 tsunami and nuclear disaster, could also become a “field test zone” for robots and drones largely free of regulation.
“We want to keep an eye on the world’s drone market, starting with the United States, and consider Japan’s way of doing things,” said Tamotsu Nomakuchi, who heads the robot panel. “It’s not about copying other markets, but learning about them and creating something better.”
The only aviation regulations covering drones in Japan require that they fly below 150 meters and remain at least 9 km away from airports. Drones used in agriculture need two operators, with precautions for the surrounding environment.
Japan has been using drones in its farming industry since the 1980s, when an unmanned Yamaha R-50 helicopter took to the air to spray pesticide on rice crops. Today, more than 2,500 agriculture drones are in operation.
Yamaha is now looking to adapt its drone technology for patrolling the nation’s borders and for checking oil and gas pipelines, spokesman Kenji Otsuki said.
Secom will launch a service this month for small businesses that includes having a surveillance drone that can be scrambled to take photos of an intruder when an alarm sounds.
Spokeswoman Asuka Saito said the company also wants to pitch its security drones for use at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
Office equipment maker Ricoh Co. has been testing its digital cameras on drones to monitor crop growth in field tests, said Wataru Ohtani, manager of new business development.
Partly due to the lack of regulations for outdoor test flights, Ryo Konomura, one of the founders of Tokyo University’s Phenox Lab, developed an indoor drone with artificial intelligence capability.
Japanese industry supporters have dubbed 2015 “Year One of the Era of the Drone.”