Commentary / World

How Boris Johnson can pull off Brexit

by David Howell

It was U.S. President Harry Truman who is alleged to have said, “Bring me a one-handed economist.” He was just about fed up with endless economic and political analysts saying “on the one hand, but on the other hand,” etc.

Japanese visitors to Britain enquiring about Brexit must have the same feelings of exasperation, as every question about what happens next over Brexit is met with streams of “ifs” and “buts” and “maybes,” or just honest “don’t knows.”

So here for a change is a firm description of what will happen — no ifs, no buts.

New Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his government are about to pull off a remarkable victory. There will be no abrupt crash-out without a deal, as some fear and others demand. He is about to lead the United Kingdom out of the European Union on Oct. 31, but with a firm withdrawal agreement, with an orderly transition period ahead, with the approval of a majority of the British House of Commons, with the way forward over the complex Irish situation resolved, with EU Commission acceptance, and with Johnson’s own party, the Conservative Party, surviving and on the path to unity again.

But wait a minute, surely that is impossible. Has not Johnson lost his parliamentary majority, with defections on all sides and with 21 of his own “troops” actually expelled for disobedience? Has he not been blocked by Parliament itself from taking the U.K. out of the EU and proceeding without any agreement or deal? Is he not being accused in the highest courts of law of limiting Parliament from creating even further obstacles? Have not the highest EU authorities repeatedly said that the withdrawal agreement negotiated with Johnson’s unlucky predecessor, Theresa May, is the only one on offer and cannot be reopened?

All true, but also, in this age of paradox, all wrong.

Johnson’s task does indeed look like mission impossible because it involves satisfying four different constituencies in a balancing act of fiendish complexity.

First, the government of Ireland will have to be satisfied that they can continue trading across a completely invisible border, even though the top part of the island will be in the U.K. but outside the EU, and the rest, the Irish Republic, will be inside the EU.

Second, the EU leaders in Brussels will have to be convinced that this can be achieved, uniquely in an Irish setting, without fatally damaging the integrity, standards and cohesion of the EU itself. Only then will they drop the so-called and much-hated backstop, which would keep the whole U.K. in the EU until this one issue has been resolved.

Third, the suspicious Northern Irish will have to be reassured that all new arrangements involving free trade across an invisible border and lots of new forms of cooperation between the two parts will never become a slide into United Ireland — or not at least unless a majority in Northern Ireland actually votes for it.

Fourth, Johnson will have to bring this new, “detoxified” agreement, backstop-free, before Parliament and get a majority in favor, all before Oct. 31.

To do that he will have to 1) woo back his expelled troops; 2) satisfy his hard-liners (one of which he used to be himself) that Northern Ireland is still solidly part of the U.K. and not being subtly separated off; 3) bring over at least 20 Labour lawmakers from a party whose leader, Jeremy Corbyn, will be telling them not to support him but instead to stay neutral or support another referendum.

The key is, indeed, in Ireland — a land of charm, mists and endless ambiguity and paradox, where agreements are usually just to disagree, and nothing is as it seems — a state that baffles most European minds.

The actual amount of trade between the two parts is very small, confined to a limited number of “trusted” and recognized large traders. It amounts to one-tenth of 1 percent of EU total trade flows.

One proposal is to have a common all-Ireland regime over livestock and agri-food regulation. Another is to have special free-port zones on either side of the border, which thus itself remains (and feels) invisible, even though goods traffic still has to be cleared when it physically leaves the free-port zones. A third is a to have common border authority cooperation supervising border movements. A fourth is to have some additional checks to those that already exist on livestock movements across the Irish Sea between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

For further physical reassurance to Northern Ireland there is even talk of a bridge of some 50 kilometers being built between the two parts of the U.K. — although over the quite rough Irish Sea.

The whole of Ireland and Britain are already in a common travel area (and have been since 1922), and all Ireland has a common electricity market, some common transport and tourist administration, some common sports teams and a host of other all-island bodies, with staff working both sides. Also, the Irish Republic, like the U.K., is outside the Schengen area of intra-EU free movement, and has been all along.

All this — and much more — turns London confrontation with Ireland into cooperation. These are the “concrete steps” to solve the Irish “problem” that the EU keeps calling for.

Even more important is that they bring together a cross-party majority at Westminster for an orderly new agreement. If some of the diehard Northern Irish Unionists, on whose votes the Conservatives previously relied, cannot now accept it all, well so be it: Their votes are no longer so crucial. There will be a majority for a fresh agreement without them, and plenty of moderate support on the ground in Ulster itself.

Once past Oct. 31 in this way, Johnson will reunite most of his hard-line critics, including large numbers of followers until now of the demagogic Nigel Farage. This will leave him in a strong position to sort out the many Brexit issues that still lie ahead, as well as to start facing the challenges of a now totally transformed wider world.

Those who never wanted Britain to leave the EU will be disappointed. So will those who wanted to leave regardless. The median, common sense and dare it be said, democratic approach, will prevail. What a relief!

David Howell is a Conservative politician, journalist and economic consultant. He is chairman of the House of Lords International Relations Committee.

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