During a trip to Europe last summer, my family and I had the opportunity to visit Glasgow, Scotland’s largest city. While there, I discovered that the city was not “twinned,” as it is called in the United Kingdom, with Japan, although it did have sister city relations with Dalian, China, and cities in a number of other countries. Upon further research, I learned that Edinburgh, Scotland’s capital, also did not have a sister city in Japan.

I began to wonder what other important cities in the world lacked a connection with Japan, and upon returning to Japan, where I have lived for 29 years, I started looking into what places Japan currently possessed sister city or other types of relations with.

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