The Diet has unanimously enacted a law that will financially help victims of natural disasters such as typhoons and earthquakes. This revision of a former similar law resulted from consultations between the Liberal Democratic Party-Komeito ruling coalition and the Democratic Party of Japan. As the first law that enacted during the current Diet session, it shows that the divided Diet can create a positive result if lawmakers strive for compromise.

The Lower House has also passed a government bill to continue the refueling mission of the Maritime Self-Defense Force in the Indian Ocean for naval ships taking part in United States-led antiterrorism operations in and around Afghanistan. The bill is now in the Upper House. However, unlike with the natural disaster victims assistance law, the basic stances of the ruling and opposition forces on the refueling bill are far apart.

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