Japan has raised concerns about British proposals to invite Australia, India and South Korea to a meeting of Group of Seven foreign ministers and have them sign up to a joint charter with the forum, according to a diplomatic cable seen by Bloomberg.

Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga’s government “pushed back strongly,” the note says, arguing that the aim of the summit should be to rebuild the G7 after a difficult year, and not “institutionalize” a relationship with the invited guests.

The forum’s European members — France, Italy and Germany — hold similar views, and some of its diplomats have expressed concerns that the U.K. is attempting to reshape the G7 by the back door, by establishing a coalition of 10 leading democracies to counter China and other authoritarian states.

European diplomats have previously said that doing so would mean the group risks becoming an anti-China front and that anti-China rhetoric could foment a Cold War-style standoff with Beijing, which the diplomats said the G7 must avoid after it batted away Donald Trump’s attempts to do the same.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who is hosting this year’s G7, has invited South Korea, India and Australia to attend the leaders’ summit in Cornwall in June. While it is standard practice for a Group of Seven host to invite guest countries, their involvement through the process is typically limited, but according to a person familiar with Johnson’s plans, the guests’ participation this year will be deeper than usual.

It was during a virtual meeting of the group’s political directors on Jan. 22, that the U.K. told the other six members it was planning to ask the three countries to attend parts of a foreign and development ministers’ meeting, and have the G7 sign an “Open Societies Charter” with them. Japan pushed back despite reassurances that Britain doesn’t want to expand or dilute the G7, according to the cable. U.K. Foreign Minister Dominic Raab is hoping to hold the meeting in person May 3-6 in Wales.

The idea of expanding the G7 was floated by Trump last year. In addition to Australia, South Korea and India, he proposed re-inviting Russia, which was ejected after the annexation of Crimea.

President Joe Biden hasn’t indicated where he stands on the issue but has said he wants to convene a summit of democracies. And prominent voices in both the U.K. and the U.S. have continued to call for the group to open its doors to new members.

For Japan though, South Korea’s participation is awkward given renewed tensions stemming from its 1910-1945 colonial rule over the Korean Peninsula, and it doesn’t want to see membership or a privileged status extended to Australia and India, in particular, either — European G7 diplomats said Japan’s objections are in part likely because it wants to be the only Asian country in the forum.

“Our country will respect the judgment of the host country,” Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga told a parliamentary committee on Tuesday. “While we respect that, our stance is that it’s extremely important to maintain the framework of the G7.” During the same panel, Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi said he discussed the matter with U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken, adding “it is important for G7 to work together now.”

The Japanese Foreign Ministry emailed similar comments in response to Bloomberg’s questions. The U.K. government declined to comment.

Following last week’s virtual meeting of G7 political directors, a British diplomat wrote to colleagues saying the U.K. would need to find a way of managing Japan’s concerns while still delivering the wider goal of building a broader partnership of open societies.

The U.K’s other plans have been mostly welcomed by the rest of the group as an opportunity to repair and reinvigorate the G7, and multilateralism more generally, after what the cable describes as a “dysfunctional” 2020. Under the U.S. presidency, the group failed to offer a collective response to the coronavirus pandemic, was embroiled in transatlantic spats over China and managed to produce only two joint statements.

Officials from the six participating governments were told that the Foreign and Development track of the G7 will center on three themes: open societies focusing on shared values and human rights; sustainable recovery, covering girls’ education, food security, climate action and vaccines; and renewing partnerships with like-minded countries, as well as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and engagement with Africa.

On security, the U.K. set out six potential areas of focus: China, Russia and its neighborhood, Iran, the eastern Mediterranean, the Horn of Africa and the Indo-Pacific. The U.S. delegate welcomed the agenda and emphasized the Biden administration’s commitment to tackling climate change and multilateralism.

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