Joe Biden was sworn in as president of the United States on Wednesday, offering a message of unity and restoration to a deeply divided country reeling from a battered economy and a raging coronavirus pandemic that has killed more than 400,000 Americans.
Standing on the steps of the U.S. Capitol two weeks after a mob of then-President Donald Trump’s supporters stormed the building, Biden called for a return to civic decency in an inaugural address marking the end of Trump’s tempestuous four-year term.
“To overcome these challenges, to restore the soul and secure the future of America, requires so much more than words. It requires the most elusive of all things in a democracy: unity,” Biden, a Democrat, said after taking the oath of office.
“We must end this uncivil war that pits red against blue, rural versus urban, conservative versus liberal. We can do this — if we open our souls instead of hardening our hearts.”
The themes of Biden’s 21-minute speech mirrored those he had put at the center of his presidential campaign, when he portrayed himself as an empathetic alternative to the divisive Trump, a Republican.
“This is America’s day. This is democracy’s day,” Biden said as he began his inaugural address. “A day of history and hope, of renewal and resolve. America has been tested anew and America has risen to the challenge.”
Biden said that the “world is watching,” and that the United States would work to revitalize its alliance system following four years of Trump’s “America First” policy.
“We will repair our alliances and engage with the world once again, not to meet yesterday’s challenges but today’s and tomorrow’s challenges,” he said. “And we’ll lead not merely by the example of our power, but by the power of our example.”
“We will be a strong and trusted partner for peace, progress and security,” he added.
He made no specific mention of high-stakes disputes with North Korea, Iran and China.
Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga was quick to congratulate the new U.S. president and vice president, tweeting in English and Japanese shortly after Biden was sworn in.
“Congratulations to President @JoeBiden and Vice President @KamalaHarris on your inauguration. Japan and the United States are allies tied firmly by bonds and shared universal values,” Suga wrote in English. “I look forward to working with you and your team to reinforce our alliance and to realize a Free and Open Indo-Pacific.”
Biden had promised immediate action, and shortly after entering the White House on Wednesday afternoon he began signing a raft of executive actions to overturn some of Trump’s most controversial policies.
The orders included mandating masks on federal property, rejoining the Paris climate accord, and ending a travel ban on some Muslim-majority countries.
Biden told reporters that Trump had left him “a very generous letter” but he would not disclose its contents until he had spoken to Trump.
The inauguration itself, one unlike any other in U.S. history, served as a stark reminder of both the tumult that defined the Trump era as well as the pandemic that still threatens the country.
Amid warnings of possible renewed violence, thousands of armed National Guard troops circled the Capitol in an unprecedented show of force. The National Mall, typically packed with throngs of supporters, instead was filled with nearly 200,000 U.S. flags. Attending dignitaries — including former U.S. Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton — wore masks and sat several feet apart.
Biden’s running mate, Kamala Harris, the daughter of immigrants from Jamaica and India, became the first Black person, first woman and first Asian American to serve as vice president after she was sworn in by U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor, the court’s first Latina member.
The president spoke forcefully about the Jan. 6 Capitol siege when Trump backers breached the building, sending lawmakers fleeing for safety and leaving five dead, including a police officer. But Biden never mentioned his predecessor by name.
The violence prompted the Democratic-controlled U.S. House of Representatives to impeach Trump last week for an unprecedented second time, accusing him of incitement after he exhorted his backers to march on the building to press false claims of election fraud.
“Here we stand, just days after a riotous mob thought they could use violence to silence the will of the people, to stop the work on our democracy, to drive us from this sacred ground,” Biden said. “It did not happen; it will never happen. Not today, not tomorrow, not ever.”
The norm-defying Trump flouted one last convention on his way out of the White House when he refused to meet with Biden or attend his successor’s inauguration, breaking with a political tradition seen as affirming the peaceful transfer of power.
Trump, who never conceded the Nov. 3 election, did not mention Biden by name in his final remarks as president on Wednesday morning, when he touted his administration’s record. He then boarded Air Force One for the last time and flew to his Mar-a-Lago retreat in Florida.
He was the first president in modern history to skip the inauguration of his successor.
Trump and his wife, Melania, arrived at Joint Base Andrews just after 8 a.m., where he promised supporters “we’ll be back in some form” and listed his administration’s accomplishments before flying off to Florida.
In his final remarks as president Trump listed his successes, including the “medical miracle” that yielded a coronavirus vaccine in less than a year, and said serving as president was his “greatest honor.”
“Have a good life — we will see you soon,” Trump said before boarding Air Force One to head to Mar-a-Lago.
He issued more than 140 pardons and commutations in his final hours in office, including a pardon for his former political adviser, Steve Bannon, who has pleaded not guilty to charges that he swindled Trump supporters as part of an effort to raise private funds for a Mexico border wall.
But Trump did not issue preemptive pardons for himself or members of his family, after speculation that he might do so.
Top Republicans, including Vice President Mike Pence and the party’s congressional leaders, skipped Trump’s send-off and attended Biden’s inauguration instead.
Biden takes office at a time of deep national unease, with the country facing what his advisers have described as four compounding crises: the pandemic, the economic downturn, climate change and racial inequality.
After a bitter campaign marked by Trump’s baseless allegations of election fraud, Biden’s speech struck a conciliatory tone rarely heard from Trump. He asked Americans who did not vote for him to give him a chance.
“I pledge this to you: I will be a president for all Americans,” he said. “And I promise you I will fight as hard for those who did not support me as for those who did.”
Other world leaders also issued congratulatory statements, with several U.S. allies expressing relief at Biden’s inauguration after Trump’s unpredictable tenure.
Biden took the presidential oath, administered by U.S. Chief Justice John Roberts, with his left hand resting atop an heirloom Bible that has been in his family for a century.
Later in the day, Biden attended a wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, accompanied by Obama, Bush and Clinton.
Afterward, his motorcade joined an abbreviated parade on his way to the White House. Biden and his family left their limousines on Pennsylvania Avenue to walk the final few hundred yards to their new home, occasionally stepping to the curb to greet a reporter or friend.
“It feels like I’m going home,” Biden said when asked how it felt returning to the White House.
Biden’s inauguration as the 46th president was the zenith of a five-decade career in public service that included more than three decades in the U.S. Senate and two terms as vice president under Obama. At 78, he is the oldest U.S. president in history.
He faces calamities that would challenge even the most experienced politician.
The pandemic reached a pair of grim milestones on Trump’s final full day in office on Tuesday, reaching 400,000 U.S. deaths and 24 million infections — the highest of any country. Millions of Americans are out of work because of pandemic-related shutdowns and restrictions.
His top priority is a $1.9 trillion plan that would enhance jobless benefits and provide direct cash payments to households to alleviate the financial pain from coronavirus.
But it will require approval from a divided Congress, where Democrats hold slim advantages in both the House and Senate.
Although Biden has laid out a packed agenda for his first 100 days, including delivering 100 million COVID-19 vaccinations, the Senate could be consumed by Trump’s upcoming impeachment trial, which will move ahead even though he has left office.
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