Japan’s cities have been criticized for lacking the harmony and consistence felt in other countries, especially in Europe. But that’s not a result of poor city planning; the disarray of structures in Tokyo and Osaka simply mirror the country’s postwar obsession with material wealth, according to architect Tadao Ando.

“The cityscape embodies the value system of the country, and in the case of Japan, it’s money,” Ando, 60, said during a recent interview with The Japan Times.

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