A typical modern Japanese kitchen is equipped with all sorts of appliances for actually cooking the food, as in applying heat to it.

While most of these items will be fairly familiar, there are some differences from typical North American or European kitchens that may baffle and confound newcomers to Japan, unless you are lucky enough to move into a place that has been specially fitted out for expatriate residents.

One of the cooking appliances that most Europeans and North Americans take for granted, and that is not a standard part of most Japanese kitchens, is a built-in oven.