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Sample newspaper article

世界最大のタバコの生産国であり、消費国でもある中国は6月1日、北京での喫煙に今までで最も厳しい規制を課しはじめた。これは、健康上の問題を減らすためと、2022年冬期五輪招致のため、北京のイメージ改善の取り組みの一環だ。新しいルールの下では、空港、職場、レストラン、交通機関など、北京市内の公共の場所の屋内での喫煙をすべて禁止する。北京市はまた、病院の近くなど、特定の場所では屋外でも喫煙を許さず、学校の100メートル以内でのタバコの販売を禁止する。禁煙に従わなかった場合、個人の違反者には最高200元、企業には最高3万元の罰金を科す。 (June 2)

Words and phrases

世界最大の (sekai saidai-) world’s largest; 生産国 (seisankoku) producer; 消費国 (shōhikoku) consumer; 中国 (Chūgoku) China; 北京 (Pekin) Beijing; 喫煙 (kitsuen) smoking; 最も厳しい (motto-kibi-) toughest; 規制 (kisei) restrictions; 課し (ka-) imposing; 健康上の問題 (kenkōjō-mondai) health problems; 減らす (he-) reduce; 冬季五輪 (Tōki Gorin) Winter Olympic Games; 招致 (shōchi) seek to host; 改善 (kaizen) burnish; 取り組み (to-ku-) efforts; 一環 (ikkan) part of; 新しい (atara-) new; 空港 (kūkō) airport; 職場 (shokuba) offices; 交通機関 (kōtsūkikan) transport; 公共の場所 (kōkyō-basho) public places; 屋内 (okunai) indoor; 禁止する (kinshi-) is banned; 病院 (byōin) hospitals; 近く (chika-) near; 特定の場所 (tokutei-basho) certain areas; 屋外 (okugai) outside; 許さず (yuru-) not allow; 学校 (gakkō) schools; 販売 (hanbai) sell; 禁煙 (kin’en) no smoking; 従わなかった (shitaga-) failing to comply with; 個人の (kojin-) individual; 違反者 (ihansha) violators; 最高 (saikō) up to; 企業 (kigyō) businesses; 罰金を科す (bakkin-ka-) be fined

Sample radio or television report

Sekai saidai-no tabako-no seisankoku-de-ari, shōhikoku-demo-aru Chūgoku-wa 6-gatsu tsuitachi, Pekin-deno kitsuen-ni imamadede mottomo kibishii kisei-o kashi-hajimemashita. Korewa, kenkōjō-no monodai-o herasu-tame-to, 2022-nen Tōki Gorin shōchi-no tame, Pekin-no imēji kaizen-no torikumi-no ikkan-desu. Atarashii rūru-no moto-dewa, kūkō, shokuba, resutoran, kōtsūkikan-nado, Pekin-shinai-no kōkyō-no basho-no okunai-deno kitsuen-o subete kinshi-shimasu. Pekinshi-wa mata, byōin-no chikaku-nado, tokutei-no basho-dewa okunai-demo kitsuen-o yurusazu, gakkō-no 100-mētoru inai-deno tabako-no hanbai-o kinshi shimasu. Kin’en-ni shitagawanakatta baai, kojin-no ihansha-niwa saikō 200-gen, kigyō-niwa saikō 3-man-gen-no bakkin-o kashimasu.

Translation

China, the world’s largest tobacco producer and consumer, on June 1 started imposing its toughest-to-date restrictions on smoking in Beijing, as part of efforts to reduce health problems and burnish the image of the capital as it seeks to host the 2022 Winter Olympic Games. Under the new rules, smoking is banned in all of Beijing’s indoor public places, including airports, offices and restaurants, and on public transport. Beijing will also not allow people to light their cigarettes in certain outside areas, such as near hospitals, and prohibit stores within 100 meters from schools to sell cigarettes. Individual violators will face fines of up to 200 yuan, while businesses will now be fined up to 30,000 yuan for failing to comply with the bans.

Conversation between acquaintances

A: Pekin-dewa kitsuen-ni imamadede mottomo kibishii kisei-o kashihajimeta sō-desu-ne.

(I heard that Beijing started imposing its toughest-to-date restrictions on smoking.)

B: Atarashii rūru-dewa Pekin-shinai-no kōkyō-no basho-no okunai-deno kitsuen-o subete kinshi-shita sō-desu-yo.

(Under the new rule, smoking is banned in all of Beijing’s indoor public places.)

Conversation between a husband and wife

H: Pekin-no atarashii kitsuen kisei-wa kibishisugiru-to ōzei-no hito ga fuman-o itteiru sō-da.

(I heard that many people complain about Beijing’s new smoking restrictions, saying that they are too strict.)

W: Umaku iku kashira.

(I wonder if they will work well.)

(No. 1263)

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