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Sample newspaper article

毎年300万人以上の5歳未満の子どもが栄養失調が原因で死亡していると、国連の食糧機関と世界保健機関(WHO)が6月12日に発表した。「5歳未満の子どもの死亡の全体の約半数は栄養失調によるもので、毎年300万人以上が死亡している」と、国連食糧農業機関(FAO)が述べた。世界中で、約1億6,200万人の子どもたちが慢性的な栄養失調で発育不良のままとなっており、9,900万人の子どもたちが低体重児だと付け加えた。FAOとWHOは各国政府に対し、11月にローマで開催が予定されている国際会議で「全ての人々により健康的な食事を確保するために断固として取り組む」ように求めた。 (June 13)

Words and phrases

毎年 (maitoshi) annually; 万人 (man-nin) 10 thousand people; 以上 (ijyō) more than; 歳 (sai) age; 未満 (miman) under; 子ども (ko-) children; 栄養失調 (eiyōshicchō) mulnutrition; 原因 (gen’in) cause; 死亡して (shibō-) died; 国連 (Kokuren) United Nations; 食料機関 (shokuryōkikan) food agency; 世界保健機関 (Seaki Hoken Kikan) World Health Organization; 発表した (happyō-) announced; 全体の (zentai-) all; 約 (yaku) about; 半数 (hansū) half; 国連食料農業機関 (Kokuren Shokuryō Nōgyō Kikan) Food and Agriculture Organization; 述べた (no-) said; 世界中で (sekaijyū-) across the world; 億 (oku) a hundred million; 慢性的な (manseiteki-) chronic; 発育不良 (hatuiku furyō) stunt; 低体重児 (teitaijyūji) underweight; 付け加えた (tsu-ku-) added; 各国 (kakkoku) each nation; 政府 (seifu) government; 開催 (kaisai) holding; 予定されて (yotei-) scheduled; 国際会議 (kokusai kaigi) international conference; 全ての (sube-) all; 人々 (hitobito) people; 健康的な (kenkōteki-) healthy; 食事 (shokuji) diet; 確保する (kakuho-) ensure; 断固として (danko-) strong; 取り組む (to-ku-) make commitment; 求めた (moto-) urged

Sample radio or television report

Maitoshi sanbyaku-man-nin ijyō-no gosai-miman-no kodomo-ga eiyōshicchō-ga gen’in-de shibō-shite iru-to, Kokuren-no shokuryōkikan to Sekai Hoken Kikan-ga 6-gatsu12-nichi ni happyō-shimashita. “Gosai miman-no kodomo-no shibō-no zentai-no yaku hansū-wa eiyōshicchō-ni-yorumono-de, maitoshi sanbyaku-man-nin ijyō-ga shibō-shite-iru”-to, Kokuren Shokuryō Nōgyō Kikan-ga nobemashita. Sekaijyū-de, yaku ichi-oku roku-sen nihyaku man-nin-no kodomotachi-ga manseitekina eiyōshicchō-de hatsuiku furyō-no mama-to natte-ori, kyūsen kyūhyaku man-nin-no kodomotachi-ga teitaijyūji-dato tsukekuwae mashita. FAO-to WHO-wa kakkoku seifu-ni taishite, 11-gasu-ni Rōma-de kaisai-ga yotei-sareteiru kokusei kaigi-de “subeteno hitobito-ni yori kenkōtekina shokuji-wo kakuho suru tameni dankotoshite torikumu”-yō-ni motome mashita.

Translation

More than 3 million children under the age of 5 die annually of malnutrition, the U.N. food agency and World Health Organization said on June 12. “Malnutrition is responsible for about half of all child deaths under 5 years of age, causing over 3 million deaths every year,” the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said. Some 162 million children are left stunted by chronic malnutrition and 99 million children are underweight across the world, it added. The FAO and WHO urged governments to “make strong commitment to ensure healthier diets for all” at an international conference on nutrition to be held in Rome in November.

A conversation between acquaintances

A: Maitoshi sanbyaku-man-nin ijyō-no gosai-miman-no kodomo-ga eiyōshicchō-de shibō-shite iru-to-kikimashita. (I heard that more than 3 million children under the age of 5 die annually of malnutrition.)

B: Hatsuiku furyō-no mama-ni natte-iru kodomo-mo ichi-oku roku-sen nihyaku-man-nin iru sō-desu-yo. (It looks like 162 million children are left stunted by chronic malnutrition.)

Conversation between a husband and wife

H: Sekai-de hachioku-nin ijyō-ga manseiteki-na eiyō-furyō-da sō-da. (Apparently, over 8 million people are chronically undernourished across the world.)

W: Himan-no hito-mo 5-okunin-mo iru sō-yo. (I heard that another half a billion are obese.)

(No. 1215)

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