BUDO SECRETS: Teaching of the Martial Arts Masters, by John Stevens. Boston/London: Shambhala, 2001, 116 pp., with illustrations, $19.95

In the same way, “kenjutsu” (the art of the sword) became “kendo” (the way of the sword) and judo replaced jujitsu. Privilege, however, is not so easily given up. Though, in fact, the sword had not been much used in battle since the beginning of the Tokugawa Period, the cult of the sword continued (right up to World War II), and with it a spiritual glorification of most of the martial arts.

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