Rugby in the modern age is a high-paced game of skill and attrition in which 15 players on opposing sides spend 80 minutes hammering away at each other’s goal line. Watching a game, however, how can you spot the difference between a ruck and a maul? And why does the referee keep blowing their whistle at what sometimes seems like every few minutes? We’ve done all the hard work and compiled the following guide for everything you need to know during a game.

The basic aim in a game of rugby is to score more points than the opposition over two 40-minute halves with a 10-minute halftime break. Points can be scored in four different ways:

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