Modern Monetary Theory has received unprecedented attention now that policymakers are pursuing extraordinary economic policy measures to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.

Discussing the U.S. Federal Reserve’s “whatever it takes approach,” CNBC’s Joe Kernen recently concluded that “we are all MMTers now.” And in a recent commentary, Willem H. Buiter of Columbia University claimed that “much of the U.S. response (to the pandemic) will come in the form of ‘helicopter money,’ an application of (MMT) in which the central bank finances fiscal stimulus by purchasing government debt issued to finance tax cuts or public spending increases.”

As these remarks show, many commentators seem to view MMT as merely a blueprint for turning on the printing press, whether to send cash to Americans through an appropriation by Congress, or to provide liquidity to financial markets through the Fed’s actions. With the recent adoption in the United States of a $2.1 trillion rescue package, we are supposedly now engaged in what Buiter calls “a massive experiment with hitherto unorthodox” MMT.