• Tokyo


First, contrary to most popular thinking, the majority of human beings are not “persons” either, properly speaking, so it seems incredible to afford the epithet to lower-order creatures.

Second, contrary to most popular thinking, animals are not deserving of “rights” because they have no capacity to bear corresponding responsibility in our society. I do not mean that animals, children, or adult humans of both diminished capacity and full capacity ought not to have “rights.” Of course they ought to. But I mean that they do not “deserve” them.

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