As Yoon Suk-yeol takes office as South Korean president on Tuesday, he will be greeted with North Korea’s rapidly expanding nuclear arsenal as leader Kim Jong Un seeks to make up for Pyongyang’s military weaknesses against Washington and its Asian allies.

Amid stalled denuclearization talks with the United States, Kim vowed in late April to bolster his country’s nuclear arsenal in both “quality and scale,” and expand it “at the fastest possible speed.” The warning, issued during a nighttime military parade, came as Pyongyang seems to be taking a more aggressive nuclear posture that could potentially include pre-emptive nuclear strikes.

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