Russia can afford to wage a long war in Ukraine despite being hammered by Western sanctions aimed at crippling its ability to sustain the campaign, defense experts and economists say.

Russia’s invasion has driven up the price of the oil, gas and grain it exports, providing it with a substantial windfall to fund its “special military operation” — now entering a new phase as Moscow focuses on the eastern Donbas region after failing to break Ukraine’s defense of the capital Kyiv.

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