Japan, China and six other economies of the North Pacific Fisheries Commission agreed Thursday to cut their combined saury catch quota by 40% to 333,750 tons per year, in order to address fishery resource depletion.
The new catch limit, which was decided during a three-day online meeting through Thursday, will be in place until the end of 2022. Tokyo had proposed a reduction of annual catch quotas as a way to prevent overfishing in the high seas by China and Taiwan.
The saury catch limit is currently set at 556,250 tons among the eight participating economies, with 330,000 tons allocated for the high seas and 226,250 tons for exclusive economic zones in Japanese and Russian waters.
The members have agreed to cut both allocations by 40%, to 198,000 tons and 135,750 tons, respectively.
Tokyo had sought the reduction of saury catches in the high seas fearing that Japan’s poor saury catches of late have stemmed from catches there by China and Taiwan, before the fish enter the Japan’s EEZ. The introduction of quotas in the high seas was agreed in the commission’s annual meeting in 2019.
Shingo Ota, who represented the Japanese delegation at the gathering, told a news conference that the latest move was “a step toward” on curbing high-seas saury catches.
According to a national saury fisheries cooperative, Japan’s saury haul in 2020 fell 27% from the previous year to 29,566 tons, the lowest since comparable data became available.
The commission’s seven other participants — Canada, China, Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, the United States and Vanuatu — have also been experiencing poor catches in recent years.
According to the Fisheries Agency, the combined catch of all participants excluding the United States and Canada plunged by nearly 60% in 2019 from the previous year to 191,000 tons, far less than the new agreed limit.
The newly agreed quotas are likely to help avoid excessive catches even when saury resources recover in the future.
Japan also proposed country-based as well as regional-based saury quotas, but failed to win consent from other member economies.
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