OSAKA – The year was 1970. The Cold War was current news, not ancient history, as the United States, Western Europe and Japan were locked in a worldwide political, economic, social and cultural struggle with the Soviet Union and mainland China that all feared could, with one wrong move, erupt into a war involving nuclear weapons.
It was also a time of incredible scientific achievement. The previous year, Neil Armstrong and the Apollo 11 astronauts took “one giant leap for mankind” by walking on the moon, beating the Soviet Union to the honors and mesmerizing the world. Back on Earth, an entire generation born after World War II had come of age in the 1960s. As 1970 dawned, there was much commentary about the international “youth movement,” and the political, social and cultural values it espoused, which rebelled against and often shocked conservative older generations.
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