SEATTLE – Washington state lawmakers moved on Wednesday to remove a key tax break for Boeing Co. and other aerospace firms in a bid to head off possible European tariffs on U.S. goods and ease a transatlantic trade dispute over aircraft subsidies.
The United States last week toughened its own tariffs on aircraft built by Boeing’s arch-rival, Europe’s Airbus, after winning approval last year from the World Trade Organization to penalize European goods over Airbus subsidies.
The European Union is widely expected to win approval to use a similar trade weapon to penalize imports of U.S. goods when a parallel case over U.S. support for Boeing comes to a head during the spring.
The WTO has found that the world’s two largest plane-makers received billions of dollars of unfair subsidies in cases dating back to 2004. The global trade body has faulted both sides for failing to comply fully with previous rulings, opening the door to a tariff war.
After years of debate, the focus of the European case against the United States involves a preferential state tax rate for aerospace introduced 16 years ago and renewed in 2013 to help attract production work for Boeing’s 777X.
Washington state lawmakers in Olympia said they had introduced bills in the Senate and House that would remove the 40 percent saving on Business and Occupation tax, which saved Boeing some $118 million in 2018 based on published jetliner revenues.
“There is broad agreement in Olympia that we need to act this session to address the WTO issue in order to avoid retaliatory tariffs that would damage not just our commercial aircraft industry, but other important Washington exports,” Gov. Jay Inslee said in a statement.
He said Boeing — which was widely reported to have lobbied for the tax breaks to be extended to include the new 777X program in 2013 — had now asked for them to be removed.
“Boeing has said it would like that tax incentive at least suspended, until the issue is fully settled with the European Union,” Inslee said in a statement.
The 777X, the largest twin-engined jetliner, staged a maiden flight last month.
Boeing said in a statement that it fully supports legislation to reverse the tax breaks.
“This legislation demonstrates the commitment of Washington — and of the United States — to fair and rules-based trade, and to compliance with the WTO’s rulings,” Boeing said.
But, it said, Airbus and the European Union must “finally come into compliance by ending illegal launch aid subsidies once and for all and addressing the harm they have caused the United States aerospace industry and its workers.”
Airbus said it would study the Washington state tax change.
“Airbus and the European Commission will review the proposed legislation which will need to be passed before implementation,” a spokeswoman said by email.
“It is for the WTO to rule on the application of compliance measures and whether the legislation removes the subsidies and their related adverse effects.”
The United States says the European Union has failed to address subsidies for Airbus A380 and A350 airliners.
The European Union says it has fallen into line with the WTO’s rulings and accused the Trump administration of dragging its feet on removing aid for Boeing.
Both sides have called for negotiations while accusing the other of failing to cooperate. Makers of products ranging from luxury goods to whiskey have raised concerns over the impact of a tit-for-tat tariff war spreading beyond the aerospace industry.
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