WASHINGTON – A U.S. trade group representing major technology firms on Tuesday denounced an agreement on France’s digital tax announced by Presidents Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron that leaves the levy in place until a new international taxation plan takes effect.
The Computer & Communications Industry Association (CCIA) reacted a day after Trump and Macron agreed on a plan that would see France scrap its digital tax once a new international levy being discussed is in place.
“France’s unilateral digital tax action aimed at leading American companies is unjustified, and if tolerated, will encourage other countries to follow their example,” said Ed Black, the president of CIAA, which counts Google, Amazon and Facebook among the companies it represents.
“We should not support a compromise that would green-light discriminatory taxes against U.S. tech companies for some vague promise of possible partial reimbursement years later.”
France’s levy of three percent of revenues of big tech firms, which take in at least €750 million($830 million) annually, has been criticized in Washington for departing from precedent on taxing revenue instead of profits and for targeting a narrow group of companies.
The French parliament passed the tax in July amid frustration at the slow pace of negotiations on a new global accord that would allocate more tax revenues of large international tech firms outside their home countries.
Under the agreement struck at the G7 meeting of world leaders in Biarritz, French tax authorities will reimburse companies if they paid more than they would have under the yet-to-be-decided international formula, French Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire said.
The agreement appeared to head off a threat by Trump to retaliate with tariffs on French wine, although the U.S. president offered no specifics on his commitment.
Before the agreement, U.S. lawmakers and industry leaders had called for an investigation and potential retaliation for the French tax which affects some 30 companies, mostly from Silicon Valley.
“It is hard to imagine that the U.S. would take no action against France’s digital tax targeting U.S. companies,” CCIA’s Black said.
“It is unclear how U.S. companies would benefit from permitting France to flout its trade obligations.”
Joe Kennedy, of the Information Technology & Innovation Foundation, a think tank often aligned with the industry, also said the U.S. should reject the deal.
“If the United States gives France a pass now, then it will be open season for other foreign governments to go after major American employers and impose similar taxes,” he said.
Google had no comment on Monday’s announcement but pointed to previous statements supporting a new global tax treaty while warning of “dangerous repercussions” from the French tax.