Ministers from Japan and African countries agreed Sunday that they urgently need to take policy actions to address the continent's "vulnerabilities" and achieve its sustainable economic growth.

Representatives from 52 African nations who gathered in Tokyo for a two-day ministerial meeting identified challenges, ranging from building infrastructure and better utilizing human resources, particularly young people, to beefing up maritime security and boosting resilience against climate change.

As demand for infrastructure building has been on the rise across Africa, proper debt management for such projects has been increasingly seen as necessary.