AFP-JIJI – Isao Takahata, the animated film director who co-founded Studio Ghibli and is known for his award-winning “Grave of the Fireflies,” died of lung cancer Thursday at a Tokyo hospital, Studio Ghibli announced Friday. He was 82.
Takahata, who was born in Mie Prefecture, co-founded Ghibli with renowned animator Hayao Miyazaki in 1985 and produced a number of films that earned widespread acclaim.
His latest film, “The Tale of the Princess Kaguya,” earned him an Academy Award nomination in 2014 for best animated feature. It was also selected for a slot in the Directors’ Fortnight sidebar to the main competition at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival.
However, most consider 1988’s “Grave of the Fireflies,” a film based on Akiyuki Nosaka’s novel of the same name, depicting the struggles of a young boy and his sister in the final month of World War II, to be his best work. The film won many accolades, including the Animation Jury Award and Rights of the Child Award at the 1994 Chicago International Children’s Film Festival.
Studio Ghibli producer Toshio Suzuki called Takahata’s death “regrettable,” saying he felt the director “must still have had many things he wanted to do.”
Mitaka Mayor Keiko Kiyohara, who worked with Takahata on the operation of the Ghibli Museum in the western Tokyo city, said in a statement: “I believe he will direct an animation film filled with love for humanity even in heaven.”
“Grave of the Fireflies” was also inspired by his own experience fleeing a 1945 U.S. air raid in the city of Okayama that killed some 1,700 people. He grew up in the city between 1943 and 1954. He once recalled how, as a 9-year-old boy, he fled the bombing barefoot in pajamas and witnessed piles of dead bodies. The memory was reflected in the film.
“We were lucky to make it out alive,” he told The Japan Times in a 2015 interview.
Takahata, after graduating from the University of Tokyo, started his career in animation at the Toei studio in 1959, where he met long-term collaborator Miyazaki. The pair are often described as both friends and rivals.
Over a long and distinguished career, he produced around 20 films, including “Only Yesterday” (1991) and “Pom Poko” (1994).
He also produced the Miyazaki-directed 1984 film “Kaze no Tani no Naushika” (“The Valley of the Wind”), a science fantasy adventure that describes the relationship between nature and human beings.
He is also well-known for the animation series “Alps no Shojo Heidi” (“Heidi, Girl of the Alps”) and “Lupin Sansei” (“Lupin the Third”).
Takahata said he was inspired to pursue his career after watching French film director Paul Grimault’s “The King and Mister Bird,” released in 1955.
He said he was captivated by the allegorical nature of the work and felt “the possibilities of animation” to explore beliefs and social issues.
Takahata also dabbled in politics, co-signing with around 250 other film celebrities a petition against a controversial state secrets law in 2013.
“You cannot keep the peace by picking up a weapon,” Takahata told The Japan Times in 2015. “It must be achieved through diplomacy, which had in fact been Japan’s position until recently. Now, however, Abe wants to turn Japan into a country that can go to war.”
Also in the 2015 interview, Takahata commented on how improved computer graphics had changed the world of animation.
“(Before computer graphics), animation was only flat and two-dimensional. It could never be truly real,” Takahata said. “But that was the point: By keeping everything flat, animation allows viewers to imagine what is behind the images.”
In an interview with The Associated Press, also in 2015, he said all of his stories urge people to live their lives to the fullest and not be held back by petty concerns.
“This earth is a good place, not because there is eternity,” he said. “All must come to an end in death. But in a cycle, repeated over and over, there will always be those who come after us.”