Hirofumi Uzawa, a noted economist and critic of the mass pursuit of profit, died Sept. 18 at his home in Tokyo, his family said Friday. He was 86.

A professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo, Uzawa gave his name to a theory on the mechanism of economic growth. He was also known as a man of action for his engagement in environmental issues.

His book "Jidosha no Shakaiteki Hiyo" ("The Social Cost of Cars") in 1974, which criticized Japan's growth-oriented society and analyzed the structure of automobile pollution, has been a longtime seller.