• Kyodo News


Japan’s high school history textbooks will continue to describe the mass civilian suicides during the 1945 Battle of Okinawa as incidents in which people were “driven into suicides amid the Japanese military’s involvement” instead of saying the military “forced” them to kill themselves, sources said.

Textbook authors and critics are demanding the expression “forced” be used, but the chance of that happening became unlikely after five textbook publishers decided to leave the wording alone as instructed by the education ministry. The publishers said it will probably be difficult to get permission to adopt the more direct expression used to describe the mass suicides.

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