Risa Arato never liked her hooded eyes — even her friends said she had a perpetually stony gaze. And she hated the way her sunglasses slipped down her nose. But the clincher was meeting her estranged father for the first time since childhood and being told she hadn’t turned out very cute.

So the 19-year-old saleswoman decided to remake her face — and to do it on “Beauty Colosseum,” a prime-time TV show in which people get free makeovers on camera from “beauty experts,” including a cosmetic surgeon.

“I used to be afraid to show my face in public — I was a real indoor person,” Arato said. “Now I can look people in the eye.”

Facing less social stigma and encouraged by new no-scalpel procedures, women are increasingly changing the face of Japan by walking into cosmetic surgery clinics and walking out with rounder eyes, bigger noses and less wrinkles.

“Cosmetic surgery used to have a shadowy reputation,” plastic surgeon Toshiya Handa said. “It was the kind of thing you only heard about celebrities and bar hostesses doing.”

When he isn’t redesigning faces on “Beauty Colosseum,” Handa is the assistant director of the Otsuka Academy of Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery, one of Japan’s best-known cosmetic surgery chains, with 14 clinics around the country.

The decade-long economic slump has hardly put a blemish on the business. By one credit agency’s reckoning, spending on cosmetic surgery climbed to around 3 billion yen last year, up 50 percent from 1994.

Cosmetic surgeons say insecurities about typically Asian looks can be partially explained by Japan’s long infatuation with images of the West — Arato said she idolizes Julia Roberts — though most of the clinic’s testimonials simply describe anxiety about looking plain.

What has changed is the stigma about getting surgery.

Conventional wisdom once held that altering the face inherited from your parents was disrespectful or just vain. But Arato, who had surgical enhancements to her eyes, nose and chin, said her folks supported her decision.

Nowadays students, working women and housewives are picking out new body parts from Otsuka’s glossy 111-page catalog.

Handa credits a trend toward a more assertive brand of femininity that has even made jet-black hair a rare sight as more women go in for dye and tints. “These women want to make the parts of their face stand out,” he said. “This is about self-expression.”

Still, something of the stigma remains, judging by how many women appear on “Beauty Colosseum” and in myriad magazine testimonials under assumed names.

Attitudes toward cosmetic surgery have also changed dramatically by a new generation of cheaper, noninvasive, nonpermanent techniques.

Doctors can create double eyelids with sutures in 10 minutes for as little as 50,000 yen. Other in-demand procedures include injections of botulin toxin A — a wrinkle-buster popular in the United States — and hyaluronic acid, a tissue-filler from Europe used to enlarge noses and chins.

The treatments last for months before the substances are absorbed by the body, and doctors say there’s less risk of allergic reaction than with older injectables like collagen.

“It’s a low-risk, low-return formula that appeals to a conservative Japanese mentality,” said Dr. Katsuya Takasu, who runs a national chain of clinics and is a regular on another TV show. “The worst that can happen is you go back to your old face.”

As TV and women’s magazines pitch the glamorous possibilities of cosmetic surgery, concern has risen about the risks — a danger recently highlighted when police probed a Tokyo clinic after a 54-year-old woman died following liposuction.

Others worry about damage to Japan’s psyche, saying “Beauty Colosseum” is turning the complexes of individuals into a national obsession.

But there’s little sign of soul-searching.

Housewife Rina Hayashi, 29, got wider eyes because she thought it would make eye shadow easier to apply.

“It didn’t change my life or anything,” Hayashi said. “But once you do it, you think of plenty of other things about yourself you’d love to tweak.”

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