The latest census, carried out in October, shows Japan’s population at 126.92 million, up 1.35 million from five years ago, the Management and Coordination Agency said Friday, noting that the corresponding growth rate of 1.1 percent was the lowest in the postwar era.

The increase was far smaller than the 1.6 percent in the previous summary census taken in 1995, reflecting the rapid aging of the society and the declining birthrate, the agency said in the preliminary report.

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