TRAVELS IN LAOS: The Fate of the Sup Song Pana and the Muong Sing (1894-1896), by Dr. E. Lefevre, translated with an introduction by Walter Tips. Bangkok: White Lotus Press, 1995 (orig. edition), 224 pp., with contemporary photos and map, 725 Bahts (paper)

During that late 19th-century feeding frenzy known as colonial expansion, one of the most dramatic sites was what was then called Indochina. There was great rivalry between British imperialism and French colonial ambitions, particularly in upper Laos. There, the several small states that had been able to preserve their relative independence by paying tribute to all the surrounding regional powers were finally subjugated.

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