The confusion underlines how Russia's invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24 has caught Berlin on the back foot, revealing how starkly ill-equipped it is for military action.
For Sabine Siebold's latest contributions to The Japan Times, see below:
An emboldened Moscow could encircle NATO's new Baltic members, cutting them off from the alliance — if a new Iron Curtain is to fall, NATO needs to ensure its members are not behind it.
Moscow's invasion of Ukraine has inadvertently achieved what Western allies have long struggled with — getting Germany to push an assertive foreign policy backed by a strong military.
Russia's invasion of Ukraine looks designed to take Kyiv and create a land corridor south to the Black Sea, splitting the country into two, military analysts and former officials said.
NATO would be likely to reinforce its troop presence in the Black Sea and the Baltics while fending off cyberattacks if Russia were to invade Ukraine, diplomats and former officials said.
Two Russian troop build-ups this year on Ukraine's borders have alarmed the West. In May, Russian troops there numbered 100,000, the largest since Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014.
The Taliban has said it will not allow Afghanistan to be used to launch attacks on other nations, but experts say ties remain with al-Qaida and other militant groups.
Navalny spent time recovering his physical fitness with intense workouts and took his war with Putin to a new level: targeting him directly for the first time.