NEW YORK - The world’s preoccupation with the Carlos Ghosn affair hides in plain sight the pathetic state of Nissan Motor Co.’s business and the value destruction that has continued since his arrest.
In a video message released Tuesday, the company’s deposed chairman spent much of his time talking about what’s going on at Nissan rather than addressing the growing pile of allegations against him. Ghosn reflected on the carmaker’s dismal performance, recent profit warnings and emissions scandals. He claimed that when he had approached executives about what was going wrong, “the company would say the problems were fixed when they were not fixed. This is where we had a problem with the management.”
Clearly Ghosn is keen to show that Nissan’s leadership, led by Hiroto Saikawa, had a motive for ousting him. Rumors have swirled that Ghosn had wanted to get rid of Saikawa, prompting the company’s executives to go public with the initial allegations against their then-chairman. But putting aside all of the blame and counter-blame, Ghosn is right to focus on Nissan’s business, and the recent damage to its brand and shareholder value.
Even on this subject, Ghosn can’t be absolved entirely. Saikawa, who took on the role of co-CEO in November 2016 and sole CEO in 2017, was the ex-chairman’s protege and handpicked successor. Ghosn is responsible for that choice, no doubt. But the CEO’s performance has been poor.
In the two years since he took over as sole CEO, Nissan’s stock price has fallen by more than 13 percent. Margins have been eroded. Revenue growth has dropped sharply. Lofty targets set by Saikawa (including an 8 percent operating margin and 30 percent sales growth over six years) have been missed by miles.
Sales in the United States and China haven’t kept pace with peers. Even its luxury Infiniti brand, which was doing well, has started to disappoint. In China, where other Japanese carmakers have gained ground in recent months, Nissan has stalled. While the company has been offering sweeteners to buyers in the U.S., its campaign is one of least effective in the industry (when measured as the ratio of market share to incentive spending). Meanwhile, Nissan has had to recall hundreds of thousands of cars and has admitted to falsifying emissions tests.
Preoccupied with palace intrigue and politics, the company hasn’t said much about turning this situation around and improving its performance. Instead, it has blamed the “current global market slowdown” while cutting expectations for full-year sales.
Maybe if Saikawa and his fellow executives were as obsessed with improving the state of Nissan as they’ve been with Ghosn, the picture would have been different. Other global carmakers have at least decided where they want to focus their future — whether it’s throwing cash at technology, whittling down their businesses or merging. Nissan’s path forward is pretty much invisible.
Ghosn acknowledged in his video that the fear of a full merger of Nissan and its alliance partners Renault SA and Mitsubishi Motors Corp. had agitated Japanese executives, sparking the local resistance against him. But he makes a reasonable point that some of this anxiety was caused by Nissan’s poor performance.
After being bailed out by France’s Renault in the 1990s, Nissan has brought most to the alliance table in terms of technology, capital and profit — helping explain the resentment in Tokyo about the current cross-shareholding structure (Renault owns 43 percent of Nissan, and Nissan owns 15 percent of Renault). But with the Japanese company struggling, it’s harder to command any leverage at the negotiating table with the French state and Renault over a possible re-balancing of the ownership stakes. For now, it appears to be in an amicable discussion to maintain the status quo.
Ghosn is no bystander in why Nissan has ended up like this. But neither has Saikawa shown that he can steer the business in a better direction. Maybe the current management does need an overhaul. Regardless of what happens to Ghosn personally, Nissan’s corporate governance lapses have become grossly apparent.
The carmaker really doesn’t have the luxury of time for any more navel-gazing in such a fiercely competitive market. A serious retooling of its executive ranks would go a lot further than a cosmetic paint job.
Anjani Trivedi is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist covering industrial companies in Asia.