Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda dissolves the Lower House today for a Lower House election Dec. 16, which will coincide with a Tokyo gubernatorial election. Regrettably, the Lower House election will be held while the vote value between depopulated rural areas and urban areas is unequal to the point of raising a constitutional issue, due to partisan calculations by Mr. Noda, the Liberal Democratic Party and Komeito.

The ruling Democratic Party of Japan and the two opposition parties agreed to enact a bill to rectify the vote-value disparity by abolishing five single-seat constituencies. But it will take several months to implement this reapportionment. As a result, the possibility cannot be ruled out that the Supreme Court could nullify the results of the coming Lower House election.

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