LONDON — Euphoria in India surrounding the launch of the INS Arihant is not entirely unwarranted. After decades of investment, India finally has the ability to indigenously build and operate a nuclear-powered submarine, a feat accomplished by only five other countries.

Yet, this should not blind India to the fact that it has miles to go before it can catch up with its neighbor, China, which has made some significant advances in the waters surrounding India.

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