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The anniversary of the Jan. 6 riot arrives this week with the congressional committee investigating the attack confronting a series of difficult questions, including how forcefully to flex its subpoena power and whether the Supreme Court will stymie a major element of its inquiry.

As the nine-member panel continues to examine the events leading up to the worst attack on Congress in centuries, it is waiting to see whether the Supreme Court will refuse a request from former President Donald Trump to block the committee’s access to White House records related to the riot. The committee also has not ruled out moving to subpoena members of Congress, or Trump and former Vice President Mike Pence.

Thursday will mark a year since a mob of Trump supporters stormed the building, determined to disrupt the formal certification of President Joe Biden’s electoral victory. At least seven people died in connection with the riot, dozens more were injured and hundreds of workers in the Capitol were shaken and traumatized, further fracturing an increasingly partisan Congress.

The committee, aiming to release a final report before the November midterm elections, is planning for a more public stage of its investigation in the coming weeks as lawmakers work to trace the planning of the attack and expand the scope of the investigation. Rep. Adam Schiff, D-Calif., a member of the panel, said Sunday on CBS’s “Face the Nation” that public hearings could begin “in a matter of weeks, if not a couple of months from now.”

Supporters of then-President Donald Trump clash with police and security forces as people try to storm the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. on Jan. 6, 2021. | AFP-JIJI
Supporters of then-President Donald Trump clash with police and security forces as people try to storm the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. on Jan. 6, 2021. | AFP-JIJI

But as the inquiry continues, the anniversary will draw even more attention as lawmakers, staff members, Capitol employees and journalists commemorate the day. Both Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris are scheduled to give speeches marking the anniversary.

Although the House is not scheduled to return for legislative work until Jan. 10, Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., has mapped out events for lawmakers to participate in Thursday, either in Washington or virtually from their districts, in what she described as “an observance of reflection, remembrance and recommitment.”

The House will hold a moment of silence before Carla Hayden, librarian of Congress, moderates a discussion with historians “to establish and preserve the narrative of Jan. 6,” Pelosi wrote in a letter to her caucus. Lawmakers will give speeches reflecting on the day, and lawmakers will hold an early-evening prayer vigil on the center steps of the Capitol.

Unlike the House, the Senate is scheduled to be in session this week as Democrats continue confirming Biden administration nominees and seek to revive their party’s stalled legislative agenda. Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., majority leader, is expected to invoke the riot and efforts by Trump loyalists to overturn the 2020 election as he pushes to pass a voting rights overhaul and try to change Senate rules to overcome a Republican filibuster against that legislation.

Then-U.S. President Donald Trump speaks at rally that ended with the storming of the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021. Lawyers for former President Trump have tried to block the release of White House records concerning the Jan. 6 attack, arguing that he had a constitutional right to shield the materials from Congress even though President Biden declined to invoke executive privilege over them. | PETE MAROVICH/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Then-U.S. President Donald Trump speaks at rally that ended with the storming of the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021. Lawyers for former President Trump have tried to block the release of White House records concerning the Jan. 6 attack, arguing that he had a constitutional right to shield the materials from Congress even though President Biden declined to invoke executive privilege over them. | PETE MAROVICH/THE NEW YORK TIMES

The Senate Rules Committee will hold an oversight hearing with J. Thomas Manger, Capitol Police chief, on Wednesday. On Thursday, however, it is likely that some senators may be in Atlanta to attend an afternoon memorial service for former Sen. Johnny Isakson, R-Ga., who died in December.

Some lawmakers have questioned whether it was appropriate for Congress to be in session, given the lingering trauma from the day.

“It was a sad day in our nation’s history, and a terrible day, and I don’t think bringing a lot of attention to the day is a great idea,” said Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine, one of seven GOP members who voted to convict Trump after he was impeached for his role in inciting the mob that day. “For some of the staffers,” she added, “for some of the Capitol Police officers, it brings back a lot of trauma, and I just think it’d be better if we aren’t here.”

A majority of Republicans, however, have sought to downplay the attack. They have largely refused to acknowledge their party’s complicity in failing to quash Trump’s lies about the election and cut ties with the former president, who continues to peddle conspiracy theories rather than accept his electoral loss.

Supporters of then-President Donald Trump in the U.S. Capitol's Rotunda after breaking through security. | AFP-JIJI
Supporters of then-President Donald Trump in the U.S. Capitol’s Rotunda after breaking through security. | AFP-JIJI

“Our party has to choose,” Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., vice chair of the Jan. 6 committee and one of two Republican panel members, said Sunday on “Face the Nation.” “We can either be loyal to Donald Trump or we can be loyal to the Constitution, but we cannot be both. And right now, there are far too many Republicans who are trying to enable the former president.”

Rep. Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif., minority leader, emphasized his party’s opposition to the riot in a letter to House Republicans, although he did not mention Trump.

“As we have said from the start, the actions of that day were lawless and as wrong as wrong can be,” he wrote. “Our Capitol should never be compromised and those who broke the law deserve to face legal repercussions and full accountability.” But he rebuked Democrats, accusing them of “using it as a partisan political weapon to further divide our country.”

In a series of separate televised appearances Sunday, Cheney and Rep. Bennie Thompson, D-Miss., committee chair, pointedly did not rule out making criminal referrals to the Justice Department.

Donald Trump supporters build a gallows across from the U.S. Capitol on January 6, 2021. | AFP-JIJI
Donald Trump supporters build a gallows across from the U.S. Capitol on January 6, 2021. | AFP-JIJI

“If we find something that is irregular or illegal, we’re obligated to report it,” Thompson said. Appearing on ABC’s “This Week,” he said that although the committee had already asked two sitting Republicans, Reps. Scott Perry of Pennsylvania and Jim Jordan of Ohio, for testimony, more interview requests were possible.

“What people saw on Jan. 6 with their own eyes was not just something created at one moment,” Mr. Thompson said. “It was clearly, what we believe, based on the information we have been able to gather, a coordinated activity on the part of a lot of people.”

Cheney, appearing later on the same show, said the committee had received firsthand testimony that Trump was watching the attack unfold in the dining room next to the Oval Office as members of his staff pleaded for him to go on television and call for his supporters to leave. According to the testimony, Ivanka Trump, the president’s daughter and adviser, went into the room twice to ask her father to intervene, Cheney said.

“I think that there are a number of — as the chairman said — potential criminal statutes at issue here, but I think that there’s absolutely no question that it was a dereliction of duty,” Cheney said. “And I think one of the things the committee needs to look at, as we’re looking at a legislative purpose, is whether we need enhanced penalties for that kind of dereliction of duty.”

The House committee investigating the Jan. 6 Capitol riot meet for a vote on pursuing contempt charges against Jeffrey Clark, a former Justice Department lawyer, on Capitol Hill on Dec. 1, 2021. The anniversary of the Jan. 6 riot arrives this week with the congressional committee investigating the attack confronting a series of difficult questions, including how forcefully to flex its subpoena power and whether the Supreme Court will stymie a major element of its inquiry. | JASON ANDREW/THE NEW YORK TIMES
The House committee investigating the Jan. 6 Capitol riot meet for a vote on pursuing contempt charges against Jeffrey Clark, a former Justice Department lawyer, on Capitol Hill on Dec. 1, 2021. The anniversary of the Jan. 6 riot arrives this week with the congressional committee investigating the attack confronting a series of difficult questions, including how forcefully to flex its subpoena power and whether the Supreme Court will stymie a major element of its inquiry. | JASON ANDREW/THE NEW YORK TIMES

The committee has obtained more than 35,000 documents, including a trove released on New Year’s Eve by Bernard Kerik, the former New York City police commissioner who was involved in Rudy Giuliani’s effort to investigate claims of voter fraud. Among the documents Kerik turned over to the committee is a 22-page “Strategic Communications Plan” to overturn Biden’s victory and install Trump for a second term.

“We Have 10 Days To Execute This Plan & Certify President Trump!” the document stated. “GOAL: Nationwide communications outreach campaign to educate the public on the fraud numbers, and inspire citizens to call upon legislators and Members of Congress to disregard the fraudulent vote count and certify the duly-elected President Trump.”

Kerik said he had withheld from the committee a Dec. 17, 2020, document called “Draft Letter From POTUS to Seize Evidence in the Interest of National Security for the 2020 Elections.” The document was created around the time some of Trump’s advisers, including former national security adviser Michael Flynn, were discussing seizing voting machines and invoking national security emergency powers after the election.

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